Font size





1914 – 1918: World War I - Gibraltar used for convoy collection and anti-submarine operations.

1918: HMS Britannia torpedoed in the Strait by the German submarine U50, hundreds perished.

1939–1945: World War II. Gibraltar again used for convoy collection and as base for anti-submarine operations. It is main base for the launching of the British and American campaign in North Africa.

1940: All Gibraltar population, excepting a few essential staff evacuated to the UK, Madeira, Northern Ireland, French Morocco and Jamaica. Major tunnelling works by the British and Canadian engineers.

1941: German submarine U81 torpedoed the Ark Royal 25 miles east of Gibraltar.

1941–1944: Runway at North Front built using the rock excavated from the tunnelling work.

1942: Operation Torch - General D Eisenhower conducts the landing of North Africa from a tunnel in Gibraltar.

1943: General Waladyslaw Sikorski dies in air crash at Gibraltar.

1950: First Legislative Council established.

1951: The ammunition ship, Bedenham, blew up while unloading depth charges onto lighters at Gun Wharf.

1954: 10 May – Queen Elizabeth II visits Gibraltar.

1962: October – Gibraltar Television started and is taken over as Gibraltar Broadcasting Corporation in October 1963.

1966 – 1968: Spain claims Gibraltar at United Nations. 1967: First referendum - Gibraltarians vote 99.9% to remain British. National Day is held in Gibraltar on 10 September in recent years to celebrate this referendum.

1968: Vehicular traffic to Spain stopped from crossing the frontier. Telephone communications cut.

1969: Constitution granting fully responsible internal self-government. 8 June - Spain closes the frontier.

1969: 20 March - John Lennon and Yoko Ono married on the Rock.

1981: 1 August - Prince Charles and Princess Diana start honeymoon from Gibraltar. Fly into Gibraltar airport and start their cruise on board the Royal Yacht Britannia.

1982: 15 December – frontier opens to pedestrians only.

1984: Brussels Agreement in December regarding opening of the frontier. Naval dockyard closes 1985: 5 February – full opening of the frontier.

2002: 7 November – 2nd Gibraltar Referendum, 98.9% vote to remain British.

2007: 2 January – Second Gibraltar Constitution.

2009: 12 December - Kaiane Aldorino first Gibraltarian to win Miss World.

2012: 11-13 June - Prince Edward and his wife Sophie, Countess of Wessex visited Gibraltar for a two day visit in June 2012 for the Diamond Jubilee celebrations for Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

2013: 24 May – GFA (Gibraltar Football Association) accepted as full UEFA member.

2016: 13 May - GFA (Gibraltar Football Association) accepted as full FIFA member. 2016: 15 July – Gorham’s Cave complex announced as a World Heritage Site.

Sign up for special travel offers, competitions and updates:

* indicates required

Gibraltar Tourist Board will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and travel offers. You can change your mind at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link in the footer of any email you receive from us, or by contacting us at or +350 200 74950. By clicking below, you agree that we may process your information in accordance with these terms.We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices.

Back to Main Menu

Image of Close Icon

Get your personal Gibraltar travel guide

Download the SmartGuide app now to get started.
Image of Smart Guide

Image of Download on the App Store Image of Get it on Google Play